Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary arteries carry oxygenated blood and nutrients to the heart. The consequences of a blocked, damaged or diseased coronary artery can be devastating. The most common cause of coronary artery disease is atherosclerosis, which occurs when plaque buildup narrows and inflames those critical vessels, decreasing blood flow to your heart. When you have atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, you are at increased risk for heart attack and other serious medical conditions.
While you might not notice any problems at first, coronary artery disease can eventually lead to a range of symptoms, including:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Pain or pressure in your arm or shoulder
- Back or jaw pain
- Heart attack
Common risk factors for developing coronary artery disease include:
- Chronic, untreated high blood pressure
- Hyperlipidemia, or high cholesterol
- Smoking or tobacco use
- Sedentary lifestyle
- High stress
Coronary Artery Disease Treatment
If you are experiencing symptoms of a heart attack, seek emergency medical treatment right away. If you are not having a heart attack but notice other symptoms of coronary artery disease, or believe you might be at risk for developing it, visit the doctors at Brookhaven Heart to discuss prevention and treatment options.
The most effective treatments for coronary artery disease include lifestyle changes, medical procedures and/or prescription drugs. Developing healthy habits like quitting smoking, regular exercise, weight loss and stress reduction, as well as eating a diet low in fat and processed foods and high in fruits, vegetables, and lean protein, can significantly reduce your risk for coronary artery disease.
Additional treatments to discuss with your healthcare provider may include medication to lower cholesterol, daily low-dose aspirin, beta-blockers, and ACE inhibitors or ARBs. Severe cases sometimes require surgical intervention, ranging from angioplasty with a stent placement to coronary artery bypass surgery.
Find Out More Today
The experienced cardiologists at Brookhaven Heart can help you identify your risks and map out a plan for prevention and treatment based on your unique situation. Schedule an appointment to learn more about coronary artery disease by calling 631-65-HEART (641-654-3278) today.